Teeth that have been damaged by decay or traumatic fracture can sometimes be fixed with a filling, root canal, or crown. However, at times, there is too much damage for one of these procedures, in which case the damaged tooth or teeth must be removed. Some common reasons for needing a tooth extraction include infection, crowding, and tooth loosening.
- Tooth decay can enter the center of the tooth containing the nerves and blood vessels and become incurable through root canal therapy.
- Chemotherapy and organ transplant medications can compromise your immune system; a compromised immune system is more susceptible to serious tooth infections.
Teeth extractions are vital in cases of infection because removing the teeth prevents the infection from spreading to the rest of your teeth.
- When baby teeth don’t fall out in a timely manner, adult teeth can grow in and cause crowding.
- If you have extra teeth in your mouth, they can prevent your normal teeth from growing properly.
General extractions are often necessary to prevent irreparable damage to permanent teeth that might be caused by crowding. Tooth removal is also common in patients whose dental crowding is preventing them from preparing for braces or other orthodontics.
- Periodontal disease, which is classified as infection of the tissues and bone surrounding the teeth, may loosen adult teeth.
It’s vital to remove teeth loosened by periodontal disease to prevent the disease from spreading and damaging or loosening additional teeth.
Before scheduling your procedure, you will undergo a thorough oral exam and possible X-rays of the tooth that must be removed. Your doctor will create a plan for the tooth extraction, taking into consideration your age, the presence of gum disease, and your tooth’s relationship with other areas of your mouth, such as your sinuses, nerves, and other teeth. Most times, tooth removal procedures can be completed during a single surgical visit.